Research

ARCHAEOLOGY OF MEDIEVAL AND MODERN PERIOD LANDSCAPE

Research topics connected with investigations of the individual components of historical cultural landscape are pursued by the Department of Archaeology at the FF UHK. In the first place, these are investigations of ancient roads, water works, abandoned field systems or places associated with executions. The investigations are especially carried out on a non-destructive basis. Standard...

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY OF PALEOLITHIC AND MESOLITHIC SITUATIONS

Šída, within his long-term research projects, works to refine the procedures and methods of archaeological surveys of settlement remains left behind by hunter-gatherer communities. Attention is paid to a combination of approaches derived from humanities and natural sciences and total sampling methods. The results are being continuously incorporated into educational activities. CONTACT PhDr. et Mgr....

INVESTIGATIONS OF THE NEOLITHIC MINING AND PRODUCTION AREA AT JISTEBSKO

This unique archaeological area was discovered in 2002 and since then, the initiator of the excavation has intensely engaged in its investigation. Remains of Neolithic mining pits and production districts have been preserved there in an area of more than 25 hectares. The area used during the Neolithic period had even been larger, but a...

INVESTIGATION OF A BRONZE AGE CEMETERY NEAR VOJENICE IN THE PODORLICKO REGION

The Department of Archaeology at the FF UHK also participates in the rescue excavation of a Bronze Age cemetery near Vojenice in the Podorlicko region (participation of students in the form of field practice in the years 2014-2016, financial support for the processing of finds in the form of internal grants). We participate in the...

Pottery technology

The Department of Archaeology at the FF UHK systematically pursues the study of pottery making technology on the basis of archaeological sources. Our attitude integrates macroscopic observations, microscopic analyses (optical polarisation microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, 3D digital microscopy), instrumental methods (analyses of elemental and mineralogical compositions) and experimental replication. We perceive the experiment as a...

The late antique and early medieval cemeteries of Imola

Imola (Forum Cornelii) is a city located in the south-east of the Po valley in Italy, founded in the 2nd century BC. The exceptional features recorded at the numerous and varied funerary sites of the city dating from the 4th-8th century AD has the potential to turn them in a reference frame for the transformation...

THE MORAVIAN-EAST AUSTRIAN GROUP OF THE PAINTED POTTERY CULTURE OF THE MIDDLE DANUBE REGION

The focus on the Moravian-East Austrian Group (MOG) of the late Neolithic in Moravia and Lower Austria stems from the traditional scholarly interests of J. Kovárník. The MOG, which is the western branch of the Painted Pottery Culture (KMK) of the Middle Danube region, was defined by notary Jaroslav Palliardi (Fig. 1-2) in 1888. J....

POTTERY-FIRING structures

One of the research topics dealt with at the Department of Archaeology is the study of pottery firing structures, especially of vertical two-chamber kilns of the La Tène period. We focus on the study of their chronological, geographical, constructional and technological aspects which we investigate on an European scale. We further study ceramic assemblages from...

AERIAL ARCHAEOLOGY

One of the specialisations in research and education at the Department of Archaeology at the FF UHK is aerial archaeology. The Department's activities in the field of aerial archaeology are associated with the personality of J. Kovárník. He initiated a systematic aerial survey and aerial photographic documentation of archaeological sites (at his then workplace in...

ARCHAEOLOGY OF CONFLICTS

One of the important research topics of the Department of Archaeology at the FF UHK are military conflicts, especially those taking place in the 17th to 19th centuries. This broad topic involves interest in military facilities (field fortifications), venues of confrontation (battlefields), military camps, besieged sites and siege camps, as well as the impact of...

Catacombs and their settlements in South-Eastern Sicily

Roman and post-Roman catacombs are a very characteristic element of cultural landscapes in the Mediterranean, and valuable heritage sites. In the province of Ragusa, in south-eastern Sicily, are known hundreds of graves distributed in many catacombs, all hollowed out in the ubiquitous calcareous rock-faces and outcrops of the region. The research project, still in the...

STONE AGE SEAFARING

We approach the study of seafaring especially through experimental expeditions. The Monoxylon expeditions aim at testing conditions for navigation in different parts of the Mediterranean. Two expeditions were carried out in the 1990s and the third one is currently being prepared. As the means of transport, a boat carved from a single trunk is used...

JEVÍČKO AND THE MALÁ HANÁ REGION IN THE ROMAN PERIOD

Our systematic long-term survey in the Malá Haná region, between the towns of Boskovice and Moravská Třebová, has been conducted since 2010. The research area is located in the territory of historic Moravia, more specifically in the today's South Moravian and Pardubice Regions. The dense concentration of Roman-period sites in the Malá Haná region attests...

SETTLEMENT STRUCTURES OF THE LA TÈNE PERIOD

Within the Department, we also pursue activities associated with the study of settlement structures of the La Tène period. We focus both on common open-field settlements and specific settlement forms, such as oppida or rectangular ditched enclosures (Viereckschanzes). An important topic is also the cognition of eastern Bohemian hilltop sites, in particular rocky locations and...

INTERCULTURAL RELATIONSHIPS IN THE PREHISTORY OF EASTERN BOHEMIA

The Department of Archaeology at the FF UHK also pays attention to the investigation and studies of intercultural contacts, including those during the Neolithic and Aeneolithic periods. J. Kovárník noted the presence of complete vessels of the Moravian-East Austrian group of the Painted Pottery culture and of a sunken-floored dwelling with a post supporting structure...

Rondel archaeology

Remarkable sites dating from the late Neolithic period (ca. 4800-4600 BC) with roughly circular and sometimes multiple ditches (ø 50-100-240 m or more) and entrances oriented approximately towards the cardinal points are known as rondels and professionally investigated by J. Kovárník. These are prehistoric monuments. When digging out the ditch of the simple rondel at...

Hoarding Mediterranean gold jewellery from the 4th to the 9th century

The project intends to produce new knowledge on the hoarding and depositing patterns of gold items in a wide geographical area (Mediterranean Europe and southern Central Europe) and a long-term chronological perspective (4th-9th century). By systematically bringing together composition and context data to the study of gold deposits, it is expected that new insights into...

CENTRAL RESIDENCES OF THE MIDDLE AGES

Our research is focused on early to late medieval central sites (hillforts, manors, castles, fortified manor houses). The research topics include the issues of their dating and the causes for their emergence and downfall (or possibly survival), their position in the landscape, their relationships to other contemporaneous sites, links to raw material resources as well...